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for week ending November 29, 2023   |  Release date:  November 30, 2023   |  Next release:  December 7, 2023   |   Previous weeks

Nearly one-third (29%) of global liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports in 2022 was supplied by exporting countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region—Qatar, Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Algeria, and Egypt—according to data from the International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL). The MENA region’s share of global LNG exports declined from 47% in 2013 to about 30% by 2020, as LNG exports from Australia and the United States have grown.
Qatar is the top LNG exporter in the MENA region, accounting for 70% of regional LNG exports in 2022. Globally, Qatar is one of the top three LNG exporters, with exports averaging 10.3 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) during the last 10 years. Oman and the UAE are the second- and third-largest LNG exporters in the Middle East. Oman started exporting LNG in 2000, and exports have consistently averaged 1.2 Bcf/d over the last decade. LNG exports from the UAE (specifically from the emirate of Abu Dhabi) started in 1977 and averaged 0.7 Bcf/d over the last decade. LNG exports from Yemen started in 2010 and averaged 0.8 Bcf/d from 2011 to 2014, but they have been suspended since May 2015 following a military conflict.
In North Africa, two countries export LNG—Algeria and Egypt. Algeria was one of the world’s first LNG exporters and has over 40 years of LNG export history. Algeria’s LNG exports have remained stable over the last 10 years, ranging from 1.3 Bcf/d to 1.7 Bcf/d. Despite considerable domestic natural gas reserves, Algeria’s ability to increase LNG exports in the near term is limited due to insufficient investment to maintain and expand natural gas production from aging fields and growing domestic demand.
Egypt exported 0.9 Bcf/d in both 2021 and 2022. LNG exports from Egypt depend on domestic demand and the volume of available natural gas for export. In recent years, domestic natural gas consumption in Egypt has increased while production declined, which contributed to Egypt temporarily suspending its LNG exports in 2015. Egypt has been importing natural gas from Israel via the East Mediterranean Gas (EMG) pipeline (up to 0.7 Bcf/d) and the Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP) (up to 0.2 Bcf/d). At the start of the Israeli-Hamas conflict beginning in October, Israel suspended exports to Egypt via the EMG pipeline because of production stoppages at the offshore Tamar field, which supplies the EMG pipeline (Tamar field production has since been restarted).
Egypt’s LNG exports peak in winter months when domestic demand is low, and Egypt can export surplus natural gas (including imports from Israel) as LNG. During last winter (November 2022 through March 2023) Egypt’s LNG exports averaged 2.0 Bcf/d, according to data from CEDIGAZ.
Most of the MENA region’s LNG exports are shipped to South Asia and East Asia, which accounted for 65% (9.7 Bcf/d) of the region’s LNG exports in 2022. The share of the MENA region’s LNG exports going to South Asia and East Asia has remained fairly consistent over the past 10 years, varying between 60% and 70% of the total. The MENA region’s LNG exports to Europe, which fluctuate depending on European natural gas demand, have ranged from 3.5 Bcf/d to 4.8 Bcf/d during the past 10 years. In 2022, MENA’s exports to Europe averaged 4.5 Bcf/d, 30% of the MENA region’s total LNG exports. Up to 4% of exports from the MENA region are supplied to other MENA region countries—Kuwait and the UAE (specifically the emirate of Dubai).

Daily spot prices by region are available on the EIA website.

See also:
Data source: S&P Global Commodity Insights
Note: This table reflects any data revisions that may have occurred since the previous week’s posting. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) pipeline deliveries represent natural gas sendout from LNG import terminals.

Data source: S&P Global Commodity Insights
Note: This table reflects any data revisions that may have occurred since the previous week’s posting. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) pipeline receipts represent pipeline deliveries to LNG export terminals.

   Average temperature (°F)

   7-day mean ending Nov 23, 2023
        Data source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  Deviation between average and normal temperature (°F)

   7-day mean ending Nov 23, 2023
        Data source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

figure data


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